Iran mourns the passing of one of its most important political figures of the Revolution. Hashemi Rafsanjani, 82, died on Sunday. He was a momentous figure in the history of the Islamic Republic since the 1979 Revolution that overthrew Mohammad Reza Shah and the Pahlavi Dynasty. In his career, he played many roles: religious leader, military commander and astute politician. He served as minister, speaker of Iran’s Parliament and was elected president twice. Behind the scenes, his power and influence were boundless. For some time, he was rumoured to replace Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei, whom he had manoeuvred into position following Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini’s death in 1989. Rafsanjani was associated with the moderates and had given his support to President Hassan Rouhani. In a political environment that does not have strict political parties, political alliances are crucial to survival and Rafsanjani’s sudden death will have consequences for the fate of the moderates movement.