LESSON 5 Comprehension skills For the reading component, candidates are assessed on their ability to comprehend different types of texts of varying length and complexity. Comprehension is the practice of understanding. It is:
* Making connections between what you already know about a topic and what you are reading.
* Making use of the structure of the text to make predictions.
* Making use of problem-solving strategies to think and expand on the text.
One strategy for reading comprehension is the
technique called SQ3R. This stands for Survey, Question, Read, Recite and Review.
* Skimming and scanning
* Extracting specific information
* Identifying main ideas
* Identifying supporting details
* Deriving the meaning of words, phrases, sentences from the context
* Understanding linear and non-linear texts
* Understanding relationships
* Recognising a paraphrase
Making a connection is when you can relate a passage to an experience, another book, or other facts about the world. Making connections will help you understand what the author’s purpose is and what the story is about.
* Predicting outcomes
* Applying a concept to new situation
Read the text and find
answers for the following:
who, what, where, when, why and how.
* Understanding language functions
* Interpreting linear and non-linear texts
* Distinguishing the relevant from the
* Distinguishing fact from opinion
* Making inferences
Synthesising is when you take what you already know about a subject along with your reflections on the book to create your own interpretation and ideas about a
* Relating ideas and concepts
* Following the development of a point or an
* Summarising information
Evaluation is about making judgements on what you read and then explaining why you made them.
* Appraising information
* Making judgements
* Drawing conclusions
* Recognising and interpreting writer’s views, attitudes or intentions