- New PTPTN rules soon
- Lamborghini owners lodged report on evening of crash
- Moyes driving us mad!
- Josiah Ng out of intensive care, stable
- Half-naked body of girl found by roadside
- Murder of 3 sisters: Mother pleas for stop on rumours
- Islam to be religion of federation, says Najib
- 3 Lamborghinis up in flames
- Three Lamborghinis go up in flames in pile-up
- 2013 SEA GAMES: Malaysia wins first gold from Wushu
- PM, sultan to open bridge today
- 'No place for Shia'
- 8 injured as express bus overturns
- Stiff Everton test for Gunners
- FLOOD: Victims in Dungun use tents at relief centres More
DANGEROUS JOB: Journalists face death if they do not become the militants' mouthpiece or jail terms from anti-terror laws if they do, writes Kathy Gannon
THE telephone call to local journalists generally comes in the late evening. The voice on the other end is harsh. He has a statement he wants printed, and he prefaces it with a terse order: "Report our messages without making any changes or we will kill you."
The messages they deliver warn of upcoming violence or assassinations, sometimes naming an intended victim, or claim responsibility for atrocities already committed. The calls come from Sunni militants notorious for violence against minority Shias or members of secessionist groups that routinely blow up police stations and attack government facilities in the southwestern Pakistani province of Baluchistan.
But the late-night calls put the journalists in a bind. If they don't print the messages, they could be killed. If they do print them, they could face three years in prison under Pakistan's anti-terrorism laws. It's no surprise which risk they'd rather run. At least 20 journalists have been killed in Balu-chistan in the last six years, their bullet-ridden bodies sometimes found stuffed into sacks.
"If you are a journalist in Baluchistan, you have a choice: either a bullet in the head or a jail sentence," said Ashiq Butt, a stocky bureau chief with the News Network International, a news agency that feeds its reports to newspapers.
But authorities are putting pressure from their side as well, trying to stem spiralling violence in the province.
Last month, the Baluchistan provincial government for the first time charged 21 news organisations, their owners and several journalists under the anti-terrorist law, which provides for three years in jail if convicted of carrying messages, reports or information supplied by outlawed militant groups. The charge sheet filed by the government accused the news organisations of "spreading panic".
Pakistan is one of the most dangerous places in the world to work as a journalist, according to the United States-based Committee to Protect Journalists. In the last six years, 41 journalists have died violently in Pakistan, although 12 of those deaths are still under investigation to determine whether they were linked to their jobs as journalists, according to the CPJ site.
Many of the militant groups and armed factions in Pakistan -- such as Lashkar-e-Janghvi, behind many slayings of Shias -- operate with impunity, with police too weak to take much direct action against them. So they are only emboldened to threaten journalists into being their mouthpieces.
"If I want to live in this city I have to write what they say," Butt said.
The statements can often be cruel and explicit, detailing those who have been killed, he said. Sunni militants' messages are laced with vitriolic attacks against the minority Shia Muslims they revile as heretics.
Just last week, he was called by a member of the violent Baluchistan Liberation Army, a self-declared secessionist group fighting for an independent state for ethnic Baluchis against what they see as domination from ethnic Punjabis. The group has already claimed responsibility for the deaths of three journalists.
Aryan Khan, another journalist in the Baluchistan capital Quetta, said Lashkar-e-Janghvi militants even dictate the language newspapers and broadcasters should use in their normal news reports whenever they report on the death of a Shia, whether in an attack or from natural causes.
In recent years Baluchistan province has been shattered by relentless bloodletting by the separatists and by Sunni militant killings and suicide bombings against Shiias. Human rights activists and international aid workers operating in Baluchistan have also been attacked. The International Red Cross suspended its operations in May after one of its workers was killed in Quetta.
"For us, Baluchistan has become a source of great concern," said Bob Dietz, Asia Programme Coordinator for the Committee to Protect Journalists.
"The situation in Baluchistan looks set to continue for a long time -- the issues are deep-seated and don't lend themselves to easy solutions. For media support groups, the region has emerged as a new front line."
Escalating violence is making vast parts of Baluchistan inaccessible, said Dietz. He also criticised the Baluchistan provincial government for laying charges against journalists and news organisations covering both sides in the conflicts ravaging the region.
In an interview in Quetta, provincial police chief Omar Ibne Khitab justified the charges, saying the anti-terror law was clear. He also said his force does not have the equipment to trace the threatening telephone calls to journalists and locate the culprits.
The Human Rights Commission of Pakistan issued a report last month criticising the government for inaction as well as national media outlets for neglecting coverage of events in Baluchistan. The report said local journalists feel threatened from all sides and neglected by the government.
"Journalists in the field felt threatened from the security forces, militants and insurgents," said the report released on Aug 30. "If they said one thing they were traitors to one side and if they did not, they were traitors to the other side.
From within the HRCP's heavily guarded office, Shamsul Mulk said rights workers risked their lives investigating the killings of journalists as well as the circumstances surrounding the disappearance of scores of people, many linked to the separatist movement. Many rights workers have left the organisation out of fear for their lives.
"I wouldn't be here if there wasn't a guard outside the door," he said. "People are afraid. They are not even attending our meetings any more." AP