Russian Lieutenant-General Nikolai Parshin, the Head of the Main Missile and Artillery Directorate of the Russian Defence Ministry, speaks about the 17 July 2014 downing of the Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 in Ukraine, during a news conference in Moscow, Russia, 17 September 2018. The Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777 plane operating flight MH17 from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur with 298 people aboard was downed by a missile over eastern Ukraine on 17 July 2014. While Ukraine blames pro-Russian separatists to have shot down the plane, Parshin according to media reports presented what they see as evidence that the Buk system missile was delivered to Ukraine and was never transported to Russia. He also was cited as saying, that he warned Ukraine could destroy documentation over that missile 'in order to conceal the truth'. EPA

MOSCOW: Russia’s defence ministry on Monday said it was releasing fresh information to back its claim that the missile that downed a Malaysia Airlines flight over war-torn Ukraine in 2014 was fired by Kiev’s forces.

At a briefing, the ministry said it was releasing the BUK missile’s serial number for the first time and said that it was produced and sent to Ukraine in the Soviet era and had not been returned to Russian territory.

Russia has denied any responsibility for the shooting-down of the plane and has presented a number of theories pointing the finger at Kiev.

The Boeing 777 flying from Amsterdam to Kuala Lumpur crashed outside the rebel stronghold of Donetsk on July 17, 2014, killing all 298 on board, most of them Dutch nationals.

The European Union imposed damaging economic sanctions on Russia afterwards, blaming Russian-backed rebels in eastern Ukraine who shot down a number of other planes.

A top Dutch investigator said his team had concluded that the plane was shot down by a Russian-made BUK missile from a Russian military brigade in the southwestern city of Kursk.

The Netherlands and Australia in May directly blamed Russia for the attack.

“The missile with the serial number 886847379 intended for the BUK missile system on December 29, 1986 was sent by rail transport to military unit number 20152,” said a senior military official, Nikolai Parshin, quoted by RIA Novosti state news agency.

He said the military unit referred to was based in Ukraine, then a Soviet republic, adding that this information was classified “top secret.”

“After the breakup of the Soviet Union, it (the missile) was not brought onto Russian soil and was incorporated into the Ukrainian armed forces,” he said.

Russia said it had sent the information on the missile to the Netherlands.

The ministry also said that video footage used by an international commission investigating the incident showing the BUK missile being transported into rebel-held eastern Ukraine was faked.

It cited factors such as the way light fell on the moving vehicle and claimed it is shown driving in reverse.

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko on Monday signed a decree not to extend an official friendship agreement with Russia. - AFP